.... a forester's blog
November 6, 2013

Waste not want not

Filed under: It's ALL Nature — Tags: , , — admin @ 08:00

Tree removal may be necessary, waste is not. The goal of this endeavor is to prevent the waste of natural resources and tree fiber by reducing the number of trees being burned in a pile or pit when fence rows or old homesteads are cleared for crop land.

Many of these fencerows should not be cleared as our ancestors planted them for a reason that still exists, to reduce wind erosion and summer drying of crops, as well as harvest snow. Waterways should not be cleared as that increases run off and erosion. But if someone is removing trees even though it is not going to improve the environment or the ecosystem, the act should not be compounded by also wasting the resource.

To rescue the trees some equipment is needed to ‘stay ahead’ of the dozers clearing the area. I’ve been told by a few businesses operating the dozers, that if I could stay ahead of them, I can take the trees. With enough forewarning I could remove the trees properly utilizing trunk and limbs in a safe manner, but this could be accomplished more efficiently with tree shear with accumulator, boom (Scorpin-grab) grapple, and multipurpose trailer. A few months ago we discovered a clearing project after they had started and if I’d had equipment I could have gathered logs that they had pushed over prior to the piling, staying out of their way as they pushed out more. Or if they’ve already been piled, the boom grapple allows the safe removal of each ‘log’ from the pile, to be placed on the trailer and removed.

The Gehl, or comparable, skid steer would serve as an efficient tool with multiple attachments – tree spade, tree shear, and grab grapple, and potentially others. Truck and trailer would be needed to haul the skid steer to projects and wood from the projects. Getting a flatbed trailer allows multiple uses when utilizing stake sides in various configurations depending on the project. A flatbed truck with stake sides would also be versatile for branches, chips, short logs, etc.

Equipment could also be used in wind break creation and renovation. Moving unwanted cedars from pastures to form windbreaks where needed, or relocate any tree of 3-4” at ground level, to a preferred location. This could even be clearing a pasture for one landowner (paid service) and using the trees on a different property (paid service).

Tree sheer is used to remove unwanted trees and easily place them in piles on a trailer, limbs still intact. Other options on some sheers include a delimber. The small size of the Gehl and sheer allow the removal of dead or dying trees from a windbreak during renovation with little damage to neighboring trees. Management of a woodlot can also be accomplished using the sheer reducing damage to residual trees, yet removing desired trees for utilization. Sustainable use can be achieved in woodlot management.

Markets are ever shifting and range from raw logs to value added products. Raw logs of certain species can be sold to the pallet plant in Gretna, which will pick up a semi load (40 or so 12” logs). Deliveries of specific species and sizes of trees can be sold upon delivery to the fiber plant in Clarks, last quote was $65/ton for cedar, with 49 trees from that older windbreak grossing $800 or more. Other outlets are continually investigated.

The Post peeler will allow the utilization of pine trees killed by pine wilt disease. Without this equipment the trees would be entirely destroyed. With the peeler, the bark and ½ inch of trunk can be peeled off with the insect causing the disease also falling into the peelings. The pile can then be burned as an extra precaution to make sure the insect is killed and cannot spread the disease. Peeled pine logs can be used by custom builders in rustic staircases and porch beams. Peeled cedar and pine can be used for furniture building. Peeling the bark off a log prior to running it thru a sawmill also reduces wear on the saw blade.

The sawmill can be used to add value to the wood rescued to provide a supply of local rough cut dimension lumber or specialty products, such as custom blocks for the toy maker in Exeter, hardwood for Friend craftsman Hardwood Artisan, cedar planks for grilling, replacing barn siding, etc. Several walnut trees are being removed this fall at Spring Creek Prairie near Denton, which big operators don’t want to get because there are too few. This equipment would allow me to fill the niche market, mostly with free wood. We own a 12” planer that could be used for specialty dimension lumber and the cedar planks, increasing their value. Smoothing the rough cut boards with the planer makes more versatile lumber.

We own a chipper and can chip branches and smaller trees for mulch, already have a few people interested in obtaining a truck load.

But to do this we need capital and I was fortunate to find the Chase Bank / Google Mission Main Street Grant program with minutes to spare on the night applications for the 2013 cycle were due. We have a chance to receive a $250,000 grant that could not only get us the equipment and provide the avenue of not only saving the tree resources from waste, but providing job growth in Fillmore County and the surrounding area, collaborating with other arborists and processors. “Gathering the unwanted trees is the first step. Finding markets for the raw material and getting it there. Processing the wood into value added products takes labor. We can find niche products and markets. We could leverage Grow Nebraska for items such as cedar grilling planks.
 
Mission Main Street Grants

 

November 4, 2013

Windbreaks and snow fences

Filed under: It's ALL Nature — Tags: , , — admin @ 18:32

I apparently wrote this in early 2010 but it never got published – so I changed the date references to now – here ya go…

I experienced my first Nebraska blizzard – they dubbed it the Christmas ’09 Blizzard. Winds up to 70 mph at least one day. Drifts seemingly everywhere. The road into town from the north was barely one lane wide for 80 yards, as that was all the Village could keep clear – the crops that fall had been soybeans on both sides of the road, so little stubble to help slow the snow. My husband had to use the tractor to get out to check on and tend to the cows, and he bladed as he went most trips (4 miles to the creek herd and another 1.5 to the others). Snow was blowing everywhere – it went into car door cracks and packed in tightly by the hinges.

In some places, the wind with snow in it was turned and modified by vegetation. Since it had already been an abnormal winter with the first snowfall in October, there were still some standing fields or partial fields of corn. The snow drifted into the the rows and stopped. In harvested fields or pastures with windrows or windbreaks, the snow came to rest in drifts. Granted some drifts made for interesting photography, many a farm yard seemed to horde an inordinate amount making access dicey if an emergency occurred.

Now think what else blows like snow in other months. Topsoil. My husband is a no-till farmer, some of our neighbors are not no-till. I’ve witnessed a few dust storms in the area, but only one across our north 40. Stretches along the fence rows where there were trees, and around the farm yard where my father-in-law had planted windbreaks, the wind slowed and the dust dropped to the ground.

Since arriving in Nebraska 5 years ago, I’ve witnessed many windrows and windbreaks being ripped out with bulldozers in order to get 3 or 4 more rows of a crop planted. As the generation that experienced the Dust Bowl dwindles in numbers, the more people are forgetting why the windrows were put in. We irrigate with surface water that we’ve ‘harvested’ from both rain and snowfall in our ponds. Put trees to work instead of removing them.

Please help me put trees to work that are being removed due to ag practices or general mortality instead of them being wasted – before November 15th please vote for KP Slezak Consulting, so we can move to the next step of potentially being a recipient of a $250,000 grant from Chase Bank. I’ll be able to expand the business and get equipment to safely gather what some consider waste products without getting in the way of the dozers.

Mission Main Street Grants

June 10, 2011

Responding to renewed ‘Blame Game’ as Wallow Fire Rages

Filed under: It's ALL Nature — Tags: , , , , , , , — admin @ 17:36

I posted this comment on Today.com: “Massive Arizona wildfire now 5 percent contained” (6/10/2011)
(Read article Huge_Arizona_wildfire_rekindles_forest_debate_AssocPress ) In part the article states that the Wallow fire has reignited the blame game on why fires such as these are occurring.

Yes, man interrupted and changed nature’s cycle and intensity of fire in many ecosystems. And in many areas and ecosystems we continue to alter how fire can be brought back closer to what the ecosystem craves for a healthy landscape because man wants to live in the woods. If man lives in the woods, fire, even in the proper context, can rarely be allowed to burn on landscape scales, so man must mechanically manipulate the vegetation to mimic what a fire would do. That means logging or other labor intensive processes to remove the unhealthy, stressed and overabundant trees. Logging in a scientific and sustainable manner following best management practices (BMPs) not only mimics what fire did in the ecosystem, it provides jobs and products that man needs (or wants). Once the mechanical process has been completed, there are certain areas that fire can be re-introduced to maintain the desired ecosystem functionality. And if the mechanical treatments are completed in a ‘checkerboard’ across the landscape, then a fire in an area that cannot be ‘treated’ would become manageable for suppression when it came to a ‘treated’ area – however if the conditions are right, the ‘treated’ area then receives a maintenance burn and firefighters are more of guidance force to keep it from entering another ‘untreated’ area and becoming a catastrophic wildfire, such as the Wallow or Rodeo-Chediski fires.

Dr Covington was one of my professors when I earned my Forestry degree at Northern Arizona University and I have sat at the table with Bryan Bird for two years on the Collaborative Forest Restoration Program (CFRP) advisory committee which annually awards grant money “to encourage the collaborative, science-based ecosystem restoration of priority forest landscapes”. I am a Society of American Foresters – Certified Forester. I also have 18 years experience in wildland fire, 13 as a ground ‘pounder’ and engine operator/boss for a state agency responsible for fire suppression on non-federal, non-tribal, non-municipal lands. In recent years I’ve not been on the line, but an interpreter for the infrared flights conducted by the Forest Service on large fires at night. When on the engine, first on the scene, I made fire ‘suppression’ decisions based on fuels, weather, topography and geographic proximity to homes or infrastructure, and the if the landowner had an agreement to allow it, the fire could be monitored and let burn.

Man altered the natural landscape in many ways – introducing cattle and suppressing fires are just two. Managing for a single species to the detriment of others is another, which is exactly what has happened in shutting down logging on forests through law suits. I’ve always wondered if anyone wanting to ‘save’, for example, the Mexican spotted owl ever realized that the owl was present in in the ecosystem in the 1800′s and it survived the change as the ecosystem became over grown, dense and unhealthy, why won’t it also be okay when we direct the forest back to what nature craves (what it was before we changed it).

We can’t change the past, but we can impact the future by sustainably harvesting wood products to mimic fire where fire cannot be used and reducing fuel in areas with selective harvests of wood products until fire can be used.

September 7, 2010

Fire – The Good and the Bad

Filed under: It's ALL Nature — Tags: , , — admin @ 15:11

A friend was in Colorado this weekend (visiting from the Plains) and saw the flames and smoke from the Four-Mile Canyon fire above Boulder.  Facebook comments followed her post on it was bad/sad because people were loosing their homes. One person did say ‘ its good in a way’.  I said I’d like to chat on why it is good, so here’s the scoop.  I should preface my comments with a disclaimer – while my facts and reasoning are science based, nature is not black and white, literally and figuratively. You can ask 5 foresters how to manage a specific landscape and you’ll likely get 5 different approaches based on their perspective.

God’s nature was designed with many intricate processes that work together in balance. Like spider Webs of interrelated actions and reactions that keep it connected and balanced. A landscape was designed to have a mosaic of meadows, forests, brush, water for wildlife to have all their needs met. A forest has many stages of growth and decline to keep the balance of cover and feeding areas for various wildlife. Nature’s design kept the forest in check. Lower elevation pine forests have frequent low-intensity fires to keep the number of trees at an optimum growing level for the trees to be healthy and the wildlife’s needs. Higher elevation pine and spruce-fir forests have infrequent high intensity stand-replacing fires. Insects and diseases work as one of the balances taking a handful of trees here and there naturally creating a mosaic within the forest.

Spruce-fir after thinning

Spruce-fir after thinning


Man has interrupted nature’s cycles in many ways. We stopped all wildfire for a long time. We could mimic what fire did by managing the forest with thinnings and harvests, utilizing the wood for buildings, furniture and paper and such. But then ‘environmentalists’ stopped nearly all the logging on public lands. So forests grew unchecked and got out of balance. Insects and diseases went from maintenance levels to epidemic levels in many areas. A beetle as small as a grain of rice reached such proportions that 800,000 acres of pinon pine trees died in New Mexico and its cousin killed even more acres than that of ponderosa pine in Arizona.  Another cousin bark beetle has been killing millions of acres of trees in Colorado, Wyoming, South Dakota and some in Nebraska. The epidemic of beetles in all these places were working to get nature back in balance.

While man was suppressing wildfire, they were also moving further into the forests, higher into the mountains to live amongst the trees. So even when foresters and wildfire specialists wanted to let the wildfires burn for natures’ sake, they couldn’t because of the homes, cities and infrastructure that support them. Where man and forests meet, the wildland urban interface, can be made less risky by reducing the trees and other vegetaion around the homes. Sometimes it is enough to save the home, sometimes not, depending on the fire’s intensity and the wind behind it.

Los Alamos, New Mexico had a fire sweep through northern areas of the town on May 10, 2000, selectively taking 200 homes. I accompanied the National Guard Commander a few days later through town and tried to answer his questions on fire behavior.  Of course, wildfire is by definition a fire that burns in wildland fuels (forests, woodlands and brush). Streets, homes and other buildings can effect a fire’s course like topography can, funneling wind and flames like a saddle between mountains.  When wind fanned flames reach an opening wider than the flame, the fire typically drops to the ground and lessens in intensity. So thinning around the home and having fire-resistant plants/landscaping and keeping the fire wood pile away from the house are things that reduce the risk to that home during a wildfire.

But many people don’t thin or landscape in a fire-safe manner. They think the fire fighters will save their house no matter what.  Given enough time in front of an approaching wildfire, homes or entire neighborhoods in the woods will be assessed (if they haven’t already been assessed). If it is not safe for personnel to be in the neighborhood, no one will be stationed there to fight the fire. Planes or helicopters may be able to drop slurry or water to ‘retard’ the fire around the homes, but there is no guarantee that a home can be saved, even ones that have had preventative measures taken.

I fear I’m rambling, so more later…..I’ll dig out some photos.

September 1, 2009

Flash 1

Filed under: It's ALL Nature — Tags: , , — admin @ 22:29

Fireflies may have stopped blinking for the summer, but the flashing has just begun.  Since moving to Nebraska last year I have felt somewhat removed from forestry and the science I know, and stand now in corn and soybean fields, plant winter wheat and itch when hauling milo.  So maybe by posting my thoughts and perceptions on the natural resource news I hear about will help me and provide some food for thought …..  like Project Learning Tree shows students how to think for themselves, not what to think. Maybe these will show another side of the story.



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